ISSN (print) 1995-2732
ISSN (online) 2412-9003




Problem Statement (Relevance): Mining deeper into a vein deposit means less yield (of commercial minerals) and more complicated geomechanics, or the dynamic manifestation of rock pressure, which leads to higher mining and transportation costs. The analysis of gold miners’ resources shows that large ore reserves would be left unmined as off-balance ores for the lack of cost effectiveness at the time of development. In view of the above the authors considered a number of options for mining the off-balance ores that were sealed in pillars or left unmined for low mineral levels or complicated geological conditions. Objectives: The study aims to develop a safe and efficient reworking process for off-balance gold vein deposits in a high rock pressure environment and to justify the efficient process parameters. Methods Applied: The study involved a variety of research methods including full-scale rock stress measurements, geomechanical modelling of stoping processes, engineering studies, statistical analysis, as well as a feasibility study. Originality: Some of the original findings of this study include the identified relationship between the concentration of commercial minerals in the mineralized rock and the distance to the quartz vein; the mathematical relationships between the mining capacity of re-development mineralized rock and the key parameters. Findings: The proposed mining options for the mineralized rock of the Kochkarskoye deposit can significantly expand the resource base, and the adoption of high-performance mining systems will enhance the safety of operations due to a reduced share of manual labor involved and through reduced stresses of the surrounding rock. Re-use of existing mines will reduce the preparatory development scope by 30-45% and provide a 3 to 5-fold increase in the rate of development. Practical Relevance: The study resulted in the development and implementation of a number of options for mineral re-development and in the identification of optimal parameters ensuring both efficiency and safety.


Stress-strain state, concentration of commercial minerals, development system, re-development, performance indicators.


Vyacheslav N. Kalmykov – D.Sc. (Eng.), Professor Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, Magnitogorsk, Russia.

Konstantin I. Strukov – President Yuzhuralzoloto Group of Companies JSC, Plast, Russia.

Georgi P. Konstantinov – D.Sc. (Eng.), Professor University of Mining and Geology St. Ivan Rilski, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Ravil V. Kulsaitov – Postgraduate Student Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, Magnitogorsk, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. ORCID:

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